Chances are, at some point in your career you will face discord with a patient or a patient’s family. Sometimes a conflict arises over how the family member is being cared for or the patient may be anxious about the plan of care.
Anxiety can be the basis of most conflicts in healthcare settings. Although not unique to healthcare, anxiety can cause nervousness, fear, apprehension and worry. It’s common for individuals to experience a general state of worry or fear when facing a new experience, and being involved in a healthcare situation is no exception.
Remember that most patients and families are not familiar with healthcare and its delivery in any setting. Being admitted to a hospital, having surgery (either inpatient or outpatient), or being diagnosed with a chronic disease is not their run of the mill experience.
Whatever the reason, anxiety can manifest itself in the patient and family in relief behavior, which can include anger, sarcasm, withdrawal and dismissive behavior toward healthcare providers. How you handle these emotions and conduct can make all the difference between a successful resolution of an identified concern and an outcome that is not helpful to all involved. Here are some tips that may help.
Tip 1: You can help reduce or even avoid patients or families’ anxiety by listening to patients. Even asking patients at the onset how they are feeling could keep them from going into relief-behavior mode.
Tip 2: Reduce anxiety by introducing yourself and your role and orienting patients and families to whatever is to follow. Focus on patients by asking questions about their work, children and other aspects of their personal lives, which may also help keep patients calm. The message here, too, is that you are interested in them as people, not just as patients (Crystal Gustafson (2015), “7 Ways To Manage Anxiety In Patients, Family Members, and Yourself”.
Tip 3: Another relief behavior that can occur due to anxiety is that the individual learns from this emotion. Being calm, answering questions, getting information the patient needs that you may not have, and being reassuring can do much to help the patient and/or his family move from a highly negative emotional level to one in which they can be as comfortable as possible and ready to learn about, and take on the needed healthcare.
What interventions have you used successfully to reduce a patient’s or his family’s anxiety?
Nancy Brent’s posts are designed for educational purposes only and are not to be taken as specific legal or other advice. Individuals who need advice on a specific incident or work situation should contact a nurse attorney or attorney in their state. Visit The American Association of Nurse Attorneys website to search its attorney referral database by state.
Enhance your nursing education with these CE courses
WEB332: Empathy 101 for Nurses: How to Care for Yourself While Emotionally Supporting Others
(1 contact hour)
Nurses are called to care. They apply evidence-based practice, clinical knowledge and critical thinking with compassion and empathy. Join this webinar to learn the difference between empathy and sympathy, and how to recharge and take care of yourself in order to better take care of patients.
WEB342: Speedy Spanish for Healthcare Providers
(1 contact hour)
Have you thought about learning Spanish? Would you like to be able to confidently “speak the basics” with patients? This introductory and fun webinar will help you learn to greet patients, translate activities of daily living or help a Spanish speaker navigate through an appointment or hospital stay in Spanish. No prior knowledge of Spanish is required. Learn key phrases to help you speak Spanish immediately. If you know some Spanish already, this course will help you learn about “errors in translation” and strategies to increase your medical Spanish.
WEB 339: Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare Acquired Infections
(1 contact hour)
Rising trends in antimicrobial resistance are a costly and significant contributor to negative health consequences around the globe. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recognizes this impact and will now penalize hospitals with high rates of acquired Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and C. difficile infections to promote proper antimicrobial stewardship and infection control policies. With proper education, development and use of effective protocols, and close monitoring, interprofessional care teams can have a substantial impact on improving patient outcomes and reducing healthcare costs.