Goal and Learning Outcomes

The goal of this continuing education course is to provide nurses with updated information about shock and shock states, including cardiogenic, hypovolemic, anaphylactic, neurogenic, and septic shock. The pathophysiology, clinical signs and symptoms, and trends in treatment are reviewed, along with nursing implications for care. Case studies highlight important components of patient assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
  • Identify the alterations in tissue perfusion and cellular metabolism that occur in shock states
  • Identify evidence-based nursing guidelines for the treatment, identification, management, and outcomes of patients with shock states
  • List two risk factors for the development of cardiogenic shock
  • Distinguish the stages of hypovolemic shock
  • Describe the clinical presentation of anaphylactic shock
  • List three risk factors for the development of septic shock
  • Describe how septic shock can lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
  • Discuss the pathophysiology of sepsis, including the role of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory mediators in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS)
The author and planners have declared no real or perceived conflict of interest that relates to this educational activity. OnCourse Learning guarantees that this education program is free from bias.

Course Authors

Accreditation Information


In support of improving patient care, Relias LLC is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

Unless stated above, the planners and authors of this course have declared no relevant conflicts of interest that relate to this educational activity. Relias LLC guarantees this educational activity is free from bias.

Please see CE Course Instructions to learn how to earn CE credit for this module.

CEBroker Professionals:

Reports to CE Broker imageThis course completion will be electronically reported to CE Broker. Click here to view your CE Broker transcript and check the status of your CE requirements with a FREE 7-day CE Broker trial subscription. It may take up to 24 hours for the course to appear on your CE Broker transcript.

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