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Must a parent, guardian or proxy be present when a patient receives immunotherapy shots?

Dear Nancy,

I am a nurse who is having difficulty researching some supporting documentation for a private practice asthma and allergy office. Does a parent, guardian or proxy have to physically be in the office while the nurses are administering immunotherapy shots?



Dear Pam,

The importance of obtaining informed consent of a parent, guardian or proxy for medical care and treatment cannot be underestimated. From your question, it sounds as though you are making sure informed consent is obtained.

Whether or not the parent, guardian or proxy must be present when medical treatments are performed in a private practice office is something best answered by a nurse attorney or attorney in your state, who can provide you with a specific opinion. If this issue is not regulated by law, then it most probably is up to the policy of the physician or nurse practitioner who administers the immunotherapy shots.
Or, it may be determined by the preference of the agent of the patient.

As you are probably aware, general recommendations for the provision of such injections require a physician or nurse practitioner to be present in the office and that the patient remain in the office for 20-30 minutes after the injection to ensure no reaction to the shot occurs. Emergency equipment and the training of personnel in the office on how to use the equipment is essential. It is not recommended that such injections be given in the home.


By | 2015-09-01T15:16:49-04:00 September 2nd, 2015|Categories: Nursing careers and jobs|0 Comments

About the Author:

Nancy J. Brent, MS, JD, RN
Our legal information columnist Nancy J. Brent, MS, JD, RN, received her Juris Doctor from Loyola University Chicago School of Law and concentrates her solo law practice in health law and legal representation, consultation and education for healthcare professionals, school of nursing faculty and healthcare delivery facilities. Brent has conducted many seminars on legal issues in nursing and healthcare delivery across the country and has published extensively in the area of law and nursing practice. She brings more than 30 years of experience to her role of legal information columnist. Her posts are designed for educational purposes only and are not to be taken as specific legal or other advice. Individuals who need advice on a specific incident or work situation should contact a nurse attorney or attorney in their state. Visit The American Association of Nurse Attorneys website to search its attorney referral database by state.

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