Nurse managers who exhibit transformational leadership style can have a positive impact on the safety environment in hospitals, a new study found.
Study author Katreena Merrill, PhD, RN, assistant professor of nursing at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, explored the relationship between nurse manager leadership style and safety climate in 41 nursing units across nine hospitals.
The hospital unit safety climate survey and multifactorial leadership questionnaire were completed by 466 staff nurses at the hospitals that were studied. Bivariate and regression analysis were conducted to determine how well leadership style predicted safety climate, according to the study’s abstract.
“Transformational leadership style was demonstrated as a positive contributor to safety climate, whereas laissez-faire leadership style was shown to negatively contribute to unit socialization and a culture of blame,” Merrill wrote in the study’s abstract. “Nursing leaders must concentrate on developing transformational leadership skills while also diminishing negative leadership styles.”
The study, titled “Leadership style and patient safety: Implications for nurse managers,” was published in the June issue of The Journal of Nursing Administration.