In a new report, the CDC estimates that vaccinations will prevent more than 21 million hospitalizations and 732,000 deaths among children born in the last 20 years.
Despite the U.S. immunization programs success, according to CDC officials, 129 people in the U.S. were reported to have measles this year in 13 outbreaks as of April 18.
In 1994, the Vaccines for Children program was launched in direct response to a measles resurgence in the U.S. that caused tens of thousands of cases and more than 100 deaths, despite the availability of a measles vaccine since 1963. The VFC program provides vaccines to children whose parents or caregivers otherwise might be unable to afford them.
This years 20th anniversary of the VFC programs implementation is occurring during an increase in measles cases in the U.S. In 2011, 220 people in the U.S. were reported as having measles, marking the highest number of annual cases since 1996. The total was 189 in 2013.
Thanks to the VFC program, children in our country are no longer at significant risk from diseases that once killed thousands each year, CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, MPH, said in a news release. Current outbreaks of measles in the U.S. serve as a reminder that these diseases are only a plane ride away. Borders cant stop measles, but vaccination can.
The CDC reports that among the 129 cases this year, 34 brought measles into the U.S. after being infected in other countries. Though not direct imports, most of the remaining cases are known to be linked to importations. Most people who reported having measles in 2014 were not vaccinated or did not know their vaccination status.
Because measles is a highly contagious disease, it can spread quickly among unvaccinated people. The CDC recommends people of all ages keep up to date with their vaccinations. Guidelines call for two doses of measles, mumps and rubella vaccine for everyone starting at age 12 months. Infants 6 through 11 months old should receive one dose of MMR vaccine before international travel.
For children born during the VFC era, the U.S. immunization program continues to pay benefits. According to analysis by the CDC, hospitalizations avoided and lives saved through vaccination will save nearly $295 billion in direct costs and $1.38 trillion in total societal costs.
However, not all diseases that threaten U.S. borders can be prevented today by vaccines, meaning different strategies are required to protect Americans. The health security of the United States is only as strong as the health security of all nations around the world, Frieden said. We are all connected by the food we eat, the water we drink and air we breathe. Stopping outbreaks where they start is the most effective and least costly way to prevent disease and save lives at home and abroad and its the right thing to do.
VFC program: www.cdc.gov/features/vfcprogram
More about vaccines: www.cdc.gov/vaccines