Approximately 5.6 million American children alive today or one out of every 13 children younger than 18 will die prematurely from smoking-related diseases unless current smoking rates drop, according to a new Surgeon Generals report.
Over the last 50 years, more than 20 million Americans have died from smoking. The report concludes that cigarette smoking kills nearly half a million Americans a year, with an additional 16 million suffering from smoking-related conditions. It puts the price tag of smoking in the U.S. at more than $289 billion a year in direct medical care and other economic costs.
The report, The Health Consequences of Smoking 50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General, comes a half-century after the historic 1964 Surgeon Generals report, which concluded that cigarette smoking causes lung cancer. Since that time, smoking has been identified as a cause of serious diseases of nearly all the bodys organs. Today, scientists add diabetes, colorectal and liver cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, erectile dysfunction, age-related macular degeneration and other conditions to the list of diseases that cigarette smoking causes. In addition, the report concludes that secondhand smoke exposure is known to cause strokes in nonsmokers.
Smokers today have a greater risk of developing lung cancer than they did when the first Surgeon Generals report was released in 1964, even though they smoke fewer cigarettes, acting Surgeon General Boris Lushniak, MD, MPH, said in the news release. How cigarettes are made and the chemicals they contain have changed over the years, and some of those changes may be a factor in higher lung cancer risks. Of all forms of tobacco, cigarettes are the most deadly and cause medical and financial burdens for millions of Americans.
Male smokers 20 years ago were about twice as likely as female smokers to die early from smoking-related disease. The new report finds that women are dying at rates as high as men from many of these diseases, including lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and heart disease. Death from COPD is greater in women than in men.
Although youth smoking rates declined by half between 1997 and 2011, each day another 3,200 children under age 18 smoke their first cigarette, and another 2,100 youth and young adults become daily smokers, according to the news release. Every adult who dies prematurely from smoking is replaced by two youth and young-adult smokers.
The evidence in the report emphasizes the need to accelerate and sustain successful tobacco control efforts that have been underway for decades.
Over the last 50 years tobacco control efforts have saved 8 million lives, but the job is far from over, HHS Assistant Secretary for Health Howard K. Koh, MD, MPH, said in the news release. This report provides the impetus to accelerate public health and clinical strategies to drop overall smoking rates to less than 10% in the next decade. Our nation is now at a crossroads, and we must choose to end the tobacco epidemic once and for all.
Links to report and additional information: www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/reports/50-years-of-progress/index.html