With the support of the Partners In Health nursing team, the Community Outreach and Patient Empowerment project has been able to train 85 Indian Health Service community health representatives local full-time paraprofessionals also known as community health workers to serve as liaisons between clients and local healthcare providers on the Navajo Nation.
The Indian Health Service funds the CHR program. With home healthcare visits, the representatives help 286 chronically ill and isolated individuals on the Navajo Nation in Arizona and New Mexico better manage illnesses and improve their health.
COPE partners with Indian Health Service physicians, public health nurses, diabetes educators and other providers to lead training sessions more than 115 to date on chronic disease management for the representatives, according to COPEs 2013 Annual Report.
COPE was launched in 2009 and is a partnership between the Navajo Nation Community Health Representative Program, Indian Health Service, Brigham and Womens Hospital and Partners
The Partners In Health argument is that it is important to deliver healthcare to the most vulnerable, but often because of poverty and isolation, they cannot get in to see a provider, said Sonya Shin, COPE director, associate physician at Brigham and Womens Hospital, and assistant professor at Harvard Medical School. The CHRs are an extension of the healthcare system into the community.
According to Partners In Healths director of global nursing Sheila Davis, RN, DNP, ANP-BC, FAAN, COPE-provided training helps the representatives better explain medical information to patients and helps them set achievable health goals and relay the realities of a patients home situation back to the healthcare providers.Marie Begay, of New Mexico, is one of 85 community health representatives making home visits to the most chronically ill and isolated individuals on the Navajo Nation.
The CHR, CHW can help the patient make the best decision [possible] with the medical advice they have been given, Davis said. If someone has heart disease or diabetes, for example, and are advised to make dietary changes, the CHR can help patients make different decisions, where able, [by] choosing canned fruit not in heavy syrup, or [to use] leaner ways of cooking, etc.
A CHR can also play an important role in educating providers about limitations patients may have in the community and help figure out the best way to handle ongoing care needs, Davis said.
Representatives also help physicians and nurses in the eight Navajo Area Indian Health Service units in New Mexico and Arizona better serve patients with suggestions to group together appointments to eliminate the need for multiple trips as many individuals drive at least 50 miles to see a provider at an IHS hospital or clinic, to consider alternatives if a patient is having problems adhering to a medication schedule and to use pictures to illustrate instructions if a patient is illiterate.
A recent Partners in Health video In Navajo Nation, a New Traditional Healer http://bit.ly/1dYfn1R chronicles home visits by one representative, Marie Begay, of New Mexico.
Learn more at: PIH.org/media/navajo-nation-health-workers.