The percentage of people without health insurance decreased in 2012, but not to a statistically significant degree, according to a report from the U.S. Census Bureau.
The percentage of people without health insurance coverage declined from 15.7% in 2011 to 15.4% in 2012. However, the decrease from 48.6 million to 48 million was not statistically significant.
In 2016, two years after full implementation of the Affordable Care Act, 30 million to 31 million people are expected to remain uninsured, researchers projected in June on the website of the journal Health Affairs.
The number of people with health insurance increased to 263.2 million in 2012 from 260.2 million in 2011, as did the percentage of people with health insurance: 84.6%, up from 84.3% in 2011.
The percentage of people covered by private health insurance in 2012, 63.9%, was not statistically different from 2011, marking the second consecutive year in which that number was not statistically different from the previous years estimate. The percentage covered by employment-based health insurance in 2012, 54.9%, also was not statistically different from 2011.
The percentage of people covered by government health insurance increased to 32.6% in 2012, from 32.2% the year before. The percentage covered by Medicaid in 2012, 16.4%, was not statistically different from 2011. The percentage covered by Medicare rose over the period, from 15.2% in 2011 to 15.7% in 2012. Since 2009, Medicaid has covered more people than Medicare (50.9 million compared with 48.9 million in 2012).
The percentage of children younger than 18 without health insurance declined to 8.9% (6.6 million) in 2012 from 9.4% (7 million) in 2011. The uninsured rates did not show a statistical change for all other age groups: 19 to 25, 26 to 34, 35 to 44, 45 to 64, and 65 and older.
The uninsured rate for children in poverty (12.9%) was higher than the rate for children not in poverty (7.7%). Uninsured rates ranged from 24.9% for people in households with annual income less than $25,000 to 7.9% in households with income of $75,000 or more.