To qualify for state health insurance exchanges, health insurers should have to include a certain number of APRNs in each plans network of healthcare providers, according to a recommendation from the American Nurses Association.
In comments submitted to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services on a proposed rule governing the exchanges, the ANA stated that each health insurance plan in a particular state should include a minimum number of APRNs in its provider network to qualify for the exchange. That minimum would be 10% of the number of APRNs who independently bill Medicare Part B in that state. About 100,000 APRNs nationwide are qualified and enrolled as independent Medicare providers and bill Medicare for services provided to Medicare patients under their own National Provider Identifier.
More than 250,000 nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, clinical nurse specialists and certified registered nurse anesthetists are licensed nationally.
Under the proposal, the required minimums per plan would range from a low of 16 APRNs in Hawaii to a high of 654 in Florida, according to CMS data from 2011. In Connecticut, the median of the 50 states in APRN participation in Medicare Part B, the recommendation would require exchange plans to include 178 APRNs in their networks.
“Findings from several decades of research consistently demonstrate that APRNs provide safe, quality care with comparable patient outcomes to physicians and even higher patient satisfaction rates,” ANA President Karen A. Daley, RN, PhD, FAAN, said in a news release. “As many more millions of uninsured or underinsured seek primary care services through these exchanges, they will need access to qualified primary care providers. That will not happen if private insurers continue to exclude or restrict APRNs from their provider networks.
“This standard is easy to monitor and enforce, and easy to understand and meet for health insurance plans that are serious about addressing the real burden of patient access to primary care. Recruiting and credentialing APRNs in these plans has to be a top priority.”
Many private insurers traditionally have focused on forming networks of physicians and have not placed the same priority on credentialing other healthcare professions, including APRNs, according to the ANA release. This lack of inclusion in provider networks, combined with other barriers to practice such as restrictions in some state regulations, prevent many APRNs from offering the full range of services for which they are educated and licensed to provide. Consequently, APRNs are restricted from using their fullest capabilities to help alleviate the nations shortage of primary care providers, especially for certain patient populations such as the elderly, lower-income groups and rural residents.
The exchanges, a key provision of the Affordable Care Act, will be online marketplaces where individuals and small businesses can compare and buy among a range of health insurance plans that cover at least a minimum baseline of essential services, but vary in cost and other factors. The exchanges are designed to enhance competition, improve choice of affordable health insurance to individuals and give small businesses the same purchasing clout as large businesses. Exchanges are scheduled to start open enrollment Oct. 1, with coverage taking effect Jan. 1, 2014.
Read the ANAs comments to CMS: www.nursingworld.org/cms71913.