Bipolar disorder was associated with premature mortality in a large study of Swedish adults.
Casey Crump, MD, PhD, of Stanford University, and colleagues used outpatient and inpatient data from more than 6.5 million Swedish adults, including 6,618 with bipolar disorder, to examine the physical health effects associated with bipolar disorder.
According to the results, women and men with bipolar disorder died an average of nine and 8.5 years earlier, respectively, than the rest of the population.
All-cause mortality was increased two-fold among women and men with bipolar disorder compared with the rest of the population.
Patients with bipolar disorder also had increased mortality from cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, influenza or pneumonia, unintentional injuries and suicide for both women and men, and from cancer for women only.
“Timely medical diagnosis appeared to improve chronic disease mortality among bipolar disorder patients to approach that of the general population,” according to findings of the study, which was published July 17 on the website of JAMA Psychiatry.
“More effective provision of primary, preventive medical care is needed to reduce early mortality among persons with bipolar disorder.”
Read the study abstract: http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1714400.