An article in the clinical practice journal of the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses recommends that women’s health nurses educate patients about the identification, prevention and management of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
The article notes that in some cases, CA-MRSA has been found in the vagina, creating the potential for sexual transmission to partners.
The following steps are crucial to the prevention and treatment of CA-MRSA, according to the article:
Identification. Early recognition of CA-MRSA infections by healthcare providers will result in prompt initiation of appropriate treatment and help to prevent further spread. This aspect is vital because CA-MRSA puts pregnant women and neonates at risk for other infections.
Prevention. One of the first steps to prevention is increasing awareness of all locations where CA-MRSA may be prevalent. Prevention of transmission should encompass patient and community education including a course of action for reducing the risk of spreading CA-MRSA through sexual activity.
Management. Identification of the strain of MRSA and early intervention is a priority for proper treatment and management. Treatment will vary according to the severity of infection, patient’s age, presence of fever, signs of systemic disease, pregnancy and the strain of the infection.
“Sexually active women are a potential high-risk group for the transmission of CA-MRSA and should not be ignored,” said AWHONN CEO Karen Peddicord, RNC, PhD. “Nurses play a vital role in identifying, preventing and managing CA-MRSA through educating their patients about the infection and how to avoid spreading it to others, including sexual partners.”
The article in the October/November issue of Nursing for Women’s Health is “Community Acquired MRSA and the Potential for Sexual Transmission: A Case Study,” by Stacy R. Rose, RN, MSN, CRNP, CNE.