Researchers from Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing concluded adequate intake of vitamin D may prevent or delay the onset of diabetes and reduce complications for people who have been diagnosed. The findings appeared in the November/December issue of Diabetes Educator.
“Vitamin D has widespread benefits for our health and certain chronic diseases in particular,” said Sue Penckofer, RN, PhD, study co-author and professor at Loyola. “The article substantiates the role of this nutrient in the prevention and management of glucose intolerance and diabetes.”
Many of the 23 million Americans with diabetes have low vitamin D levels, which plays an integral role in insulin sensitivity and secretion.Joanne Kouba, RD
One study examined for this review article evaluated 3,000 people with type 1 diabetes and found a decreased risk in disease for people who took vitamin D supplements. Observational studies of people with type 2 diabetes also revealed supplementation may be important in the prevention of this disease.
“Management of vitamin D deficiency may be a simple and cost-effective method to improve blood sugar control and prevent the serious complications associated with diabetes,” said Joanne Kouba, RD, PhD, LDN, study co-author and clinical assistant professor of dietetics at Loyola.