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Name:
Nurse Practitioner
Description:
The nurse practitioner (NP) is a specially prepared nurse with advanced skills in physical and psychosocial assessment through interview and physical examination. The NP functions in an expanded specialty role that includes ordering laboratory and other diagnostic tests; diagnosing, developing and implementing treatment plans for acute and chronic illness; prescribing medications; monitoring patient status; educating and counseling patients; consulting and collaborating with other providers; and referring patients to other providers
Settings:
Diverse settings including hospitals (inpatient and outpatient units), health maintenance organizations, freestanding nurse-run primary-care clinics, private-practice offices, extended-care facilities, home health, schools; varied specialties including occupational, adult, geriatric, women's, family, neonatal, pediatric healthcare; and most subspecialties including cardiac, critical care, oncology, sports medicine, emergency
Characteristics:
Decision-making opportunities, authority, leadership, accountability, autonomy, focus on health promotion and disease prevention
Drawbacks:
Public and physician acceptance, educational and certification requirements, scope- of-practice and reimbursement issues
Desirable skills:
Expertise in collecting, analyzing, and labeling health problems, differential diagnosis, risk taking, independence, collaboration, and teamwork
Education:
RN with MSN
Employers:
Hospitals, health maintenance organizations, community and public health centers, group practices, extended-care facilities, home-health agencies, schools systems, large companies
Certification:
American Nurses Credentialing Center
600 Maryland Ave. SW, #100 West
Washington, DC 20024-2571
800-284-CERT
Organizations:
American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
Capitol Station, LBJ Bldg
P. O. Box 12846, Austin, TX 78711
512-442-4262
 
American College of Nurse Practitioners
1111 19th St., NW, #404
Washington, DC 20036
202-659-2190
Publications:
Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
 
Academy Update Newsletter
512-442-4262
 
Nurse Practitioner Journal
800-490-6580
 
Journal of Advanced Nursing