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Pediatrics NEWS
CDC report highlights benefits of kids' vaccination program
In a new report, the CDC estimates that vaccinations will prevent more than 21 million hospitalizations and 732,000 deaths among children born in the last 20 years. Despite the U.S. immunization program's success, according to CDC officials, 129 people in the U.S. were reported to have measles this year in 13 outbreaks as of April 18. In 1994, the Vaccines for Children program was launched in direct response to a...READ MORE »
Report examines prevalence of behavioral meds use among kids
Among children ages 6 to 17, 7.5% used prescribed medication during the preceding six months for emotional or behavioral difficulties, according to a new CDC report. "Over the past two decades, the use of medication to treat mental health problems has increased substantially among all school-aged children and in most subgroups of children," the authors wrote. Males and non-Hispanic white children were more likely to...READ MORE »
Introitus position not necessary for delayed cord clamping
Changing where a newborn baby is held before its umbilical cord is clamped could lead to improved uptake in hospitals of delayed cord clamping, leading to a decreased risk of iron deficiency in infancy, according to an Argentinean study. Delaying clamping of the umbilical cord until around two minutes after birth allows for blood to pass from the mother's placenta to the baby, and has previously been shown to reduce...READ MORE »
TBI places teens at higher risk of suicide, risky behaviors
In a Canadian study, teenagers who suffered a traumatic brain injury such as a concussion had "significantly greater odds" of attempting suicide, being bullied and engaging in a variety of high-risk behaviors. These teens also are more likely to become bullies themselves, to have sought counseling through a crisis help-line or to have been prescribed medication for anxiety, depression or both, Gabriela Ilie, PhD,...READ MORE »
CDC: Births to younger teens decline, but remain too high
Although births to teens ages 15 to 17 have declined, they still represent more than a quarter of teen births, or nearly 1,700 a week, according to a CDC report. This finding reinforces the need for targeted interventions to prevent teen pregnancy, the report's authors wrote in the April issue of Vital Signs. "Although we have made significant progress reducing teen pregnancy, far too many teens are still having...READ MORE »
Link between paternal obesity, ASD risk turns up in study
Paternal obesity could be a greater risk factor than maternal obesity in developmental disorders among offspring, according to a Norwegian study. Pl Surén, MD, MPH, who was described as the first researcher to study the role of paternal obesity in autism, emphasized that the theory requires much more research before scientists can discuss possible causal relationships. "We have a long way to go," Surén...READ MORE »
Study finds high rate of elevated cholesterol among children
Almost a third of kids screened for high cholesterol between the ages of 9 and 11 have borderline or high cholesterol, potentially placing them at greater risk for future cardiovascular disease, according to a Texas-based study. In what was described as one of the largest studies of outpatient pediatric clinic visits to date, researchers examined the medical records of 12,712 children who had screening for...READ MORE »
CDC: Autism prevalence 30% higher than previously thought
The CDC estimates that 1 in 68 children (or 14.7 per 1,000 8-year-olds) in multiple communities in the U.S. has been identified with autism spectrum disorder, according to a new report. This new estimate is roughly 30% higher than previous estimates reported in 2012 of 1 in 88 children (11.3 per 1,000 8-year-olds) identified with an autism spectrum disorder. The number of children identified with ASD ranged from 1...READ MORE »
Violent video games trigger aggressive cognition in children
Habitually playing violent video games appears to increase aggression in children, regardless of parental involvement and other factors, according to a study based in Singapore. More than 90% of American youths play video games, many of which depict violence that frequently is portrayed as fun, justified and without negative consequences, researchers wrote in background information for the study, which was published...READ MORE »
Mental health conditions hospitalize almost 1 in 10 children
Nearly 10% of pediatric hospitalizations nationally were for a primary mental health diagnosis, and depression alone accounts for $1.33 billion in hospital charges annually, according to a new analysis. The study is described as the first to examine frequency and costs associated with specific inpatient mental health diagnoses for children, and a step toward creating meaningful measures of the quality of pediatric...READ MORE »
Study links environmental factors with autism prevalence
An analysis of 100 million U.S. medical records reveals that autism and intellectual disability rates are correlated at the county level with incidence of genital malformations in newborn males, an indicator of possible congenital exposure to harmful environmental factors such as pesticides. After adjustment for gender, ethnic, socioeconomic and geopolitical factors, autism rates and intellectual disability rates...READ MORE »
Data confirms bullying as risk factor for suicide among youth
Bullying is a risk factor for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts by children and adolescents, according to a study, and cyberbullying appeared more strongly related to suicidal thoughts than traditional bullying. Prior research suggests that bullying is an important risk factor for adolescent suicide, according to background information in the study, which was published March 10 on the website of JAMA...READ MORE »
Antbiotics a prime risk factor for C. difficile in children
The majority of pediatric Clostridium difficile infections occur among children in the community who recently took antibiotics prescribed in doctor's offices for other conditions, according to a CDC study. As reported March 3 on the website of the journal Pediatrics, the researchers found 71% of the cases of C. difficile infection identified among children ages 1 through 17 were community-associated - that is, not...READ MORE »
Childhood vaccines have big impact, but parents remain reluctant
A new economic analysis of the childhood immunization schedule shows it will prevent 42,000 early deaths and 20 million cases of disease, with a savings of $13.5 billion in direct costs and $68.8 billion in total societal costs in a single cohort. The study, scheduled for publication in the April issue of the journal Pediatrics, used population-based vaccination coverage, vaccine efficacy data, historical data on...READ MORE »
AAP advises against using retail clinics for primary care
Families may decide to use a retail-based health clinic because they believe it is convenient and less expensive, but according to the American Academy of Pediatrics, these clinics do not provide children with the requisite level of high-quality, regular preventive healthcare. In an updated policy statement, published Feb. 24 on the website of the journal Pediatrics, the AAP emphasizes that retail-based clinics are...READ MORE »