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Oncology NEWS
FDA approves first DNA test for cervical cancer
The Food and Drug Administration for the first time has approved a DNA test for women ages 25 and older that can be used alone to help a healthcare professional assess the need for a woman to undergo additional diagnostic testing for cervical cancer. The test also can provide information about the patient's risk for developing cervical cancer in the future, according to an FDA news release. Using a sample of...READ MORE »
Nurses' Health Study: Aspirin lowers colon cancer risk in some
Aspirin appears to lower colon cancer risk among people with high levels of a specific type of gene, according to data from the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study. The finding comes from a multi-institutional team that analyzed data and other material from two long-term studies involving nearly 128,000 participants. The researchers found that individuals whose colons have high levels of...READ MORE »
Study looks at emotional impact of false-positive mammograms
Anxiety experienced with a false-positive mammogram is temporary and does not negatively affect a woman's overall well-being, according to a study. Researchers with the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, N.H., reported the findings April 21 on the website of JAMA Internal Medicine. Anywhere from 40% to 60% of women who undergo routine screening mammography during a 10-year period...READ MORE »
Study examines health problems of childhood cancer survivors
Adult survivors of childhood cancer face significant health problems as they age and are five times more likely than their siblings to develop new cancers and heart and other serious health conditions beyond age 35, according to the latest findings from the world's largest study of childhood cancer survivors. The federally funded Childhood Cancer Survivor Study found that the health gap between survivors and their...READ MORE »
Initial cognitive decline may indicate lower cancer risk
Older people who are starting to experience cognitive decline, but do not yet have dementia, may have a lower risk of dying from cancer than people who have no memory and thinking problems, according to a Spanish study. "Studies have shown that people with Alzheimer's disease are less likely to develop cancer, but we don't know the reason for that link," study author Julián Benito-León, MD, PhD, of...READ MORE »
Drug doesn't prevent erectile dysfunction after radiotherapy
Among men undergoing radiation therapy for prostate cancer, daily use of the erectile dysfunction drug tadalafil did not prevent loss of erectile function when compared with placebo, according to a study. Erectile dysfunction is a common condition resulting from many causes, including prostate cancer treatment, according to background information in the study, which was published in the April 2 issue of the Journal...READ MORE »
Colorectal cancer rates drop significantly, report finds
Colon cancer incidence rates have dropped 30% in the U.S. in the last 10 years among adults 50 and older due to the widespread uptake of colonoscopy, with the largest decrease in people older than 65, according to a study. Colonoscopy use has almost tripled among adults ages 50 to 75, from 19% in 2000 to 55% in 2010, researchers reported in "Colorectal Cancer Statistics, 2014," published in the March/April issue of...READ MORE »
Report: Overweight women face higher risk of ovarian cancer
Being overweight increases women's risk of ovarian cancer, according to a report. The report, an analysis of global research by the American Institute for Cancer Research and World Cancer Research Fund, means ovarian cancer joins the growing list of cancers whose risk is increased by carrying excess body fat. That list includes post-menopausal breast cancer, colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, esophageal cancer,...READ MORE »
Oophorectomy slashes death risk in women with BRCA mutation
Women who carry a BRCA gene mutation and opt for a preventive oophorectomy have a 77% lower risk of death than those who do not, according to a study. Research long has shown that preventive oophorectomy reduces the risks of ovarian and breast cancers in women with a BRCA gene mutation, but the best age for women to have the surgery and its impact on mortality has not been well-studied, according to background...READ MORE »
Earlier palliative care helps in outpatient cancer treatment
In a Canadian study described as the first to assess the impact of providing early outpatient palliative care versus standard oncology care in a wide range of advanced cancers, earlier care improved quality of life and patient satisfaction. The four-year study involved 461 patients at 24 medical oncology clinics at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, part of University Health Network in Toronto, with advanced lung,...READ MORE »
Form of music therapy helps younger cancer patients cope
Adolescents and young adults undergoing cancer treatment gain coping skills and improve in resilience-related outcomes when they participate in a therapeutic music process that includes writing song lyrics and producing videos, according to a study. Published Jan. 27 on the website of Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings indicate that such music therapy interventions can...READ MORE »
Study suggests mammograms don't prevent breast cancer deaths
Annual screening in women ages 40 to 59 does not reduce mortality from breast cancer beyond that of physical examination or usual care, according to a Canadian study spanning 25 years. Furthermore, the study shows that 22% of screen-detected breast cancers were over-diagnosed, representing one over-diagnosed breast cancer for every 424 women who received screening in the trial. Over-diagnosis refers to the detection...READ MORE »
Study adds evidence to link between smoking, breast cancer
Young women who have smoked a pack a day for a decade or more have a significantly increased risk of developing the most common type of breast cancer, according to a study. The study, published Feb. 10 on the website of the journal Cancer, indicates that an increased risk of breast cancer may be another health risk incurred by young women who smoke. The majority of recent studies evaluating the relationship between...READ MORE »
Daily dose of aspirin appears to lower risk of ovarian cancer
Women who take aspirin daily might reduce their risk of ovarian cancer by 20%, according to a study. However, further research is needed before clinical recommendations can be made, reported researchers with the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health. More than 20,000 women in the U.S. will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2014, according to estimates, and more than 14,000 will die...READ MORE »
Fecal immunochemical tests accurately detect colon cancer
Tests that require patients to collect a single stool sample at home and send it to a lab for analysis will detect about 79% of colorectal cancers, according to a new evidence review. Published in the Feb. 4 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, the review of 19 studies examining eight different fecal immunochemical tests also finds that the tests will correctly identify about 94% of patients who do not have...READ MORE »