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Med / Surg NEWS
WHO emphasizes global threat of antibiotic resistance
Antimicrobial resistance, including to antibiotics, no longer is a prediction for the future, but already is happening in every region of the world, according to the World Health Organization's first report on the issue. The problem has the potential to affect anyone, of any age, in any country, according to the report. "Without urgent, coordinated action by many stakeholders, the world is headed for a...READ MORE »
Nurses' Health Study reveals benefits of fiber intake post-MI
People who survive myocardial infarction have a greater chance of living longer if they increase their dietary intake of fiber, especially cereal fiber, according to data from the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study. Those who ate the most fiber had a 25% lower chance of dying in the nine years after their MI compared with those who ate the least amount, researchers reported. Each 10-gram...READ MORE »
High antidepressant doses increase suicide risk in some
Children and young adults who start antidepressant therapy at high doses, rather than modal prescribed doses, appear to be at greater risk of suicidal behavior during the first 90 days of treatment, according to a study. A previous meta-analysis by the Food and Drug Administration of antidepressant trials suggested that children who received antidepressants had twice the rate of suicidal ideation and behavior...READ MORE »
Nurse study: Increased coffee consumption lowers diabetes risk
People who increased the amount of coffee they drank each day by more than one cup over a four-year period had a lower risk for type 2 diabetes than those who made no changes to their coffee consumption, according to data from the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study. In addition, the latest findings showed those who decreased their coffee consumption by more than a cup per day increased...READ MORE »
CV cases account for 2% of marijuana complications in study
Marijuana use may result in cardiovascular-related complications - even death - among young and middle-aged adults, according to a French study. "In prior research, we identified several remarkable cases of cardiovascular complications as the reasons for hospital admission of young marijuana users," Émilie Jouanjus, PharmD, PhD, lead author of the study and a medical faculty member at the Centre Hospitalier...READ MORE »
Type of mild cognitive impairment appears linked to death risk
One of the first studies to look at a relationship between death and two types of mild cognitive impairment suggests the potential for a higher risk of death over a six-year period in people with MCI but no deterioration in memory. MCI often is a precursor to Alzheimer's disease, according to background information in the study, which is scheduled for presentation at the American Academy of Neurology's annual...READ MORE »
Large-scale quality initiative pays off in stroke care
In a study that included more than 71,000 stroke patients, implementation of a quality initiative was associated with improvement in the time to treatment and a lower risk of in-hospital death and intracranial hemorrhage, and an increase in the portion of patients discharged to home. Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator reduces long-term disability when administered early to eligible patients with acute ischemic...READ MORE »
Studies showcase drugs that might help prevent migraine
Two new studies may offer hope for preventing migraine. The two studies, scheduled for presentation at the American Academy of Neurology's annual meeting April 26-May 3 in Philadelphia, are described as the first to test monoclonal antibodies for the prevention of migraine. Both are directed against a relatively new target in migraine prevention, the calcitonin gene-related peptide. CGRP has been thought to be...READ MORE »
Heart groups release app to determine atherosclerosis CVD risk
The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association have released a mobile and Web-based app for healthcare professionals to use with their patients in determining 10-year and lifetime risks for developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the major cause of myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke. "This tool is meant to facilitate a conversation between the healthcare provider and the...READ MORE »
Study: Antipsychotics not needed to help many with dementia
A new approach to handling agitation, aggression and other unwanted behaviors by people with dementia may help reduce the use of antipsychotics and other psychiatric drugs in this population, potentially making life easier for them and their caregivers, according to experts. Publishing their recommendations under the acronym of "DICE," a team of specialists in geriatric mental health from the University of Michigan,...READ MORE »
CDC report addresses ways to reduce health disparities
Evidence-based interventions at the local and national levels provide promising strategies for reducing racial and ethnic health disparities related to HIV infection rates, immunization coverage, motor vehicle injuries and deaths, and smoking, according to a report by the CDC's Office of Minority Health and Health Equity. The report, published as a supplement to the April 18 edition of the Morbidity and Mortality...READ MORE »
Apathy might signal cognitive impairment in seniors
Older people who have apathy but not depression may have smaller brain volumes than those without apathy, according to a study. "Just as signs of memory loss may signal brain changes related to brain disease, apathy may indicate underlying changes," Lenore J. Launer, PhD, with the National Institute on Aging at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Md., and a member of the American Academy of Neurology,...READ MORE »
Exercise helps COPD patients avoid hospital readmission
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who participated in moderate to vigorous physical activity had a lower risk of hospital readmission within 30 days compared with those who were inactive, according to a study. As published April 8 on the website of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society, researchers examined the electronic health records of 6,042 Kaiser Permanente patients in Southern...READ MORE »
Rates of diabetes complications show decline, study finds
Rates of five major diabetes-related complications have declined substantially in the last 20 years among U.S. adults with diabetes, according to a CDC study. Rates of lower-limb amputation, end-stage kidney failure, myocardial infarction, stroke and deaths due to hyperglycemia all declined, researchers reported in the April 17 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. Cardiovascular complications and deaths...READ MORE »
FDA approves new drug for people with type 2 diabetes
The Food and Drug Administration has approved Tanzeum (albiglutide) subcutaneous injection to improve glycemic control, in conjunction with diet and exercise, in adults with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects approximately 24 million people and accounts for more than 90% of diabetes cases diagnosed in the U.S. Over time, hyperglycemia can increase the risk for serious complications, including heart disease,...READ MORE »