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AAN: Opioids' risks outweigh benefits for headache, low back pain
The risk of death, overdose, addiction or serious side effects with prescription opioids outweigh the benefits in chronic, noncancer conditions such as headache, fibromyalgia and chronic low back pain, according to a new position statement from the American Academy of Neurology. The position paper was published in the Sept. 30 print issue of Neurology, the AAN's medical journal. "More than 100,000 people have died...READ MORE »
Study: High-salt diets double risk of CVD for people with diabetes
People with Type 2 diabetes who eat a diet high in salt face twice the risk of developing cardiovascular disease as those who consume less sodium, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. An estimated 29.1 million Americans have some form of diabetes, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Between 2003 and 2006,...READ MORE »
Study: Eating 5 portions of fruits, vegetables may reduce early mortality risk
Eating five portions of fruits and vegetables daily may be enough to lower the risk of early death, particularly from cardiovascular disease, according to a new study. The study, published in the British Medical Journal July 29, examined the potential relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of death from all causes, including cardiovascular disease and cancer. Researchers from China and the...READ MORE »
Volume-based tube feeding may improve nutrition in ICU patients
Changing to a volume-based system of tube feeding can improve nutrition and reduce the risk of underfeeding for ICU patients, according to a new study. While enteral nutrition, or feeding patients through a tube, is common among ICU units, underfeeding still can be a problem. Common practice is for patients to receive a certain amount of feeding per hour, but feeding often can be interrupted by tests, procedures or...READ MORE »
Human milk has benefit for sick babies, studies find
Human milk is infant food, but it also has medical benefits for sick, hospitalized babies, according to a series of articles published in the August issue of Advances in Neonatal Care. "The immunological and anti-inflammatory properties of human milk are especially important for the critically ill infants in our intensive care units," Diane L. Spatz, RN-BC, PhD, FAAN, nurse researcher and director of the lactation...READ MORE »
New hospital screening tool helps find children at nutritional risk easier, study finds
A new screening tool developed in Australia to better detect nutritional issues in pediatric inpatients would allow providers to develop intervention and treatment plans to improve health outcomes, according to a new study. Pediatric inpatients with poor nutrition are at greater risk for problems with their immune systems, physical and cognitive development and clinical outcomes, according to a news release about...READ MORE »
Genetics might affect obesity risk from eating fried foods
People with a genetic predisposition to obesity are at a higher risk for weight gain and obesity-related chronic diseases from eating fried foods than those with a lower genetic risk, according to a recent study from researchers from Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, all in Boston. Published online in the British Medical Journal, the study is the first of its...READ MORE »
Legally speaking: Helping patients maintain good nutrition
Good nutrition is essential to maintaining a healthy life and healthy lifestyle. Information about eating well abounds online as well as in commercials, magazines, newspapers and mailings. Good nutrition is important when one is well. It is extremely important when one is ill. When you provide care to a patient in a hospital, long-term care facility, rehabilitation center or in a patient's home as part of the home...READ MORE »
Tips for breast-feeding mothers
When it comes to nourishing a newborn baby, nothing compares to the benefits of breast-feeding. When breast-feeding, mothers should be aware of an important fact. Everything they eat and drink will find its way, in some form, into the breast milk they feed their babies. Elaine Alexander, MSN, RNC-OB, patient care director, NICU and postpartum, at Inova Alexandria Hospital in Virginia, and her team work with new...READ MORE »
Nutrition counseling can reduce diabetes risk
Nutrition counseling provided by a registered dietitian nutritionist can reduce the risk of diabetes and its related health problems through lifestyle and dietary changes, according to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. "Health professionals are in agreement that nutrition services are one of the first treatments individuals should receive to improve conditions such as diabetes and its related complications,"...READ MORE »
Ethically speaking: Nutrition for our children: Who decides?
You are a grade school nurse and have valued the role first lady Michelle Obama has played in creating healthier school meal standards. Partly because of her efforts, Congress during the past several years has required more fruits, vegetables and whole grains in lunch lines and also has set limits on sodium, sugar and fat. Not everyone, however, is happy with those restrictions. The school board is debating a policy...READ MORE »
Malnutrition can put patients at risk, review finds
Varying practices and frequent lapses in nutrition delivery can put critically ill patients at greater risk for malnutrition and associated complications, according to an article in the August issue of Critical Care Nurse. "Interruptions in Enteral Nutrition Delivery in Critically Ill Patients and Recommendations for Clinical Practice," by Melissa L. Stewart, RN, DNP, MSN, CCNS, CCRN, a staff nurse in the medical...READ MORE »
Help older patients stay on the right track
A key role for gerontological nurses is helping their patients with their nutritional needs. This care can include things such as helping patients make healthy food selections based on their likes and dislikes, connecting them with dental services and reviewing good dental care. "The major reason for nutritional issues in older adults is teeth or lack of them, or the inability to use teeth, or infection in teeth...READ MORE »
Key element of diabetic nutrition: Education
An important message for nurses to share with diabetic patients is their diet is not about deprivation. That's one of many nuggets of nutritional truth Virginia Peragallo-Dittko, MA, APRN, BC-ADM, CDE, shares with clients at the Diabetic and Obesity Institute at Winthrop-University Hospital in Mineola, N.Y. Peragallo-Dittko, the center's executive director, said myths and misunderstandings often lead patients to...READ MORE »
Soy-rich diet might improve heart health in postmenopausal women
A diet rich in soy may help reduce heart health risk in postmenopausal women, according to a new study published online in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society. Researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine in Winston-Salem, N.C., reached those conclusions based on their feeding study of cynomolgus monkeys before and after surgical menopause, according to a news release. They fed...READ MORE »